In 1988, Romila Thapar gave a lecture in which she said-
The collective means that everyone that constitutes the nation should be included as equal citizens.
This is nonsense. The Queen is not 'an equal citizen'. However, her Nationalism may be as great, or greater, than any of her subjects. It is false to say that Nationalism only exists where there is no hierarchy. A slave may be a Nationalist. A King may be a traitor.
But when nationalism is defined by a single identity,
All Nationalism is defined univocally as giving rise to a legal identity such that membership can be made subject to a juristic process. I may cheer for the Armenians in their war with the Azeris. But this does not mean I am an Armenian national.
which can either be language or religion or even ethnicity,
Nonsense! There is not a single country in the world where 'language', 'religion' or ethnicity' is the sole determinant of Nationality.
then nationalism gets derailed into majoritarianism.
So, according to Thapar's logic, no presently existing nationalism can be 'majoritarian'. Even under Hitler, it was not enough to be ethnically German to qualify as a German National.
And majoritarianism is not nationalism.”
It may be, if the Nation is democratic.
Thapar said the struggle for Independence had an “all-inclusive nationalism of Indians opposed to British rule”.
Indians who 'opposed British rule' were a tiny minority. The majority, like Thapar's Dad, supported British rule either by working for them or paying taxes to them or simply ignoring Gandhi & Co.
However, the insistence on two nations by the British
The Brits did not insist on two nations. The Muslim League did.
led to a nationalism defined by religion that found acceptance among some Indians.
Which Indians? Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Azad and Pundit Nehru. It was they who agreed to Partition. It seems 'opposing the British' came at a price.
“The two-nation idea surfaced in the creation of what happened in Partition, in the creation of Pakistan as an Islamic nation.
What about the creation of Bharat, that is India, which has a Directive Principle in its Constitution re. cow protection?
And in current India, it can be argued that it is teetering on the edge of creating its Hindu equivalent.”
Nationality and Religion are important enough to have legal definitions or to be otherwise justiciable. Anyone can talk bollocks about imaginary edges on which some shite or the other teeters or topples. But, if someone says 'x does not belong to Nation Y or Religion Z' then it may be worthwhile to go to law. Indira Gandhi did so to prove her son was a Hindu not a Zoroastrian. Sonia Gandhi might have had to do so to prove she was Indian not Italian. Since Nations and Religions are real things, they have sharp, 'bright line', not amorphous, definitions. Thapar remains as ignorant of this fact now as 32 years ago, when she wrote-